We occasionally read reports of groundwater levels rapidly diminishing in various places of India. The situation is compounded during certain times of the year, when water becomes scarce across the country. Over time, India has become the world’s greatest user of groundwater for irrigation, industrial, and domestic purposes. The country’s growing population is putting even more strain on the country’s water resources.
We can lessen our reliance on groundwater by taking a few small steps. To begin, we may effectively save rainwater at our home or building without spending a lot of money. An typical Indian household can easily harvest enough rainwater using this approach to cover their daily water needs for washing, bathing, and even drinking. The simple procedures to begin rainwater gathering at your home or building are as follows:
1. Clean your catchment area: This is where the majority of rainwater collects and can be diverted. First and foremost, you must clean your roof or catchment area to ensure that no dirt or other unwanted objects contaminate the water. Rooftop rainwater harvesting has become one of the most popular solutions in India over the years due to its ease of implementation.
2. Redirecting rainwater with pipes: PVC rainwater gutter systems will be used to reroute rainwater towards the container. These PVC rainwater pipes, also known as gutters, are cylindrical in shape and may be readily linked to the roof’s drain pipes to guide water to the storage tank. Hysquare PVC rainwater gutter and pipe systems, for example, can be used to achieve the same results.
3. Installing the rain separator and storage tank filter: The first rain separator, also known as the washout pipe, is the following phase. It’s just a simple valve that prevents water from entering the tank while cleaning the roof or during the early phases of rain, when the water quality may be poor owing to air pollution and other issues. To discharge wastewater or dust-filled water, which we generally get at the start of the rainy season, this valve needs to be cleaned after every storm. Aside from that, to acquire clean water, you’ll need to put another filter right on the storage tank. This filter also prevents dust and other tiny particles from entering the storage tank.
4. Overflow pipe for extra water: To release surplus water, you’ll also need to build an overflow pipe on top of your storage tank. It is recommended that you install your storage tank on an elevated surface to avoid bacterial or fungus growth around it, as well as to keep it out of reach of stray dogs or other animals.
In addition to this main method in the villages, it is less expensive to funnel rainwater into a puddle and allow it to soak inside to replace water that has been removed. All you’ll need is a spade for this. Delaying the passage of precipitation to the river/sea is another option.